Education

Part 2: Read Chapter 8, Standardized testing: Unheeded issues that impact childrens learning in Falks Defending Childhood. 1. What are the out-of-school factors that impact childrens testing performance? 2. What are some cultural issues that impact childrens testing performance? 3. How do students interpretation of test items or their view of testing or designs of tests impact performance? 4. How do high stakes tests impact recess and unstructured play/exercise opportunities for children? 5. What are the links between test performance, retention, dropping out, and motivation? 6. Explain what iatrogenic and peiragenics refer to and give an example of each.Part 3: Read Levins Chapter 4 Setting the stage: Learn more about the media in young childrens lives. Page 43. 1. Ask at least one parent or friend with children to complete the screen media at home questionnaire 4.3 page 49. If you have a child, complete the questionnaire as well. Read the responsesas a teacher, what are some areas you might use for future discussion? 2. Visit the toy department of a chain store or department. Take a few photos if possible and upload them to the Canvas assignment section. What do you notice with regard to colors, types of toys, toys that make noise, talk or have blinking lights, etc? What are your impressions with regard to gender, culture, and diversity with regard to race, sex, physical abilities or disabilities? What are the implicit messages being sent to children? What are the explicit messages sent to children? How might these messages impact your teaching or the way your children behave in your learning or care setting? 3. Visit the childrens clothing sections of a chain or department store. What do you notice with regard to color, style, age-appropriateness, media, etc? What are the explicit and implicit messages being sent to children? How might these messages impact the learning or care environment?Falk, B. (Ed). (2012). Defending Childhood: Keeping the promise of early education. New York: Teachers College Press. Levin, D. (2013). Beyond remote-controlled childhood: Teaching children in the media age. NAEYC.